naziche

The Nazis Are Coming

But don’t worry, because we have the Communists to protect us.

The next time you’re at a big protest rally, play this game. First, count the number of pro-Hitler images. You’ll notice that this crowd is limited to one pathetic fat white man with greasy hair, another pathetic fat white man with facial tattoos, and pathetic white men who died in 1945. The outpouring of hatred for Nazism – the ideology that murdered about 21 million people between 1933-1945 – is palpable. You don’t even need to attend a protest; you can feel it in your living room.

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Next, count the number of pro-Che images. The Che-love literally wants to jump out and smother you with tolerance. You can see Che shirts, Che flags, Che buttons, Che posters, all celebrating the ideology – namely, Marxism-Leninism – that practiced “bloody terrorism, deadly purges, lethal gulags and forced labor, fatal deportations, man-made famines, extrajudicial executions and show trials, and genocide.” The death toll of communism is “something like 110,000,000, or near two-thirds of all those killed by all governments, quasi-governments, and guerrillas from 1900 to 1987.”

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If I could order the execution of every Nazi on the planet, I would do it today. And I’d probably do it with Zyklon-B, just to send the extra-loud message that Nazis deserve death and we will give it to them. And I’m a white man.

The thing is that all the Nazis on Planet Earth could probably fit in the Superdome, so it would be theoretically possible to round them all up and kill them.

Communists, on the other hand, are too numerous to fit on their own continent. They’re everywhere: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia and probably even Antarctica. They’re out and proudly selling buttons at your local labor or immigration rally. They’re also startlingly diverse, which must mean they’re right.

These people with the Che-love are the ones who say they’ll protect us from fascism while simultaneously ignoring the fantastic death toll – at least 5.5 times the number killed by the Nazis, and still counting – of Che and his ideological buddies.

I’m not going to pretend I can explain this. I’m just going to note two recent stories from American high schools.

First, the “ethical dilemma” faced by teachers at Stoughton High School in Massachusetts.

The student made the swastika out of tape on a piece of paper and propped it against a recycling bin in a Stoughton High School classroom just before Thanksgiving. … Three teachers, frustrated by a lack of clear guidelines for dealing with such a sensitive issue, responded in sharply different ways. One talked about the swastika in class. Another spoke to a student about it. And a third withdrew a college recommendation for the student who created the swastika. … Heightened tensions are forcing teachers and administrators to grapple with abhorrent actions few say they are prepared to confront.

Fair enough. Posting a swastika in class is an abhorrent act, and teachers felt a burning need to “grapple” with it. Stoughton superintendent Marguerite Rizzi made a statement: “We at the Stoughton Public Schools are all committed to eradicating hate speech, and have no tolerance for racist, anti-Semitic, homophobic, or any other kind of bigotry or discrimination.”

No word on what Rizzi thinks of Che Guevara, so let’s look at the second story. The Facing History New Tech High School (yes, that’s the  full name) in Cleveland wants students to grow into “upstanders.” How do they do this?

The school, one of the district’s specialized choice high schools, skips the lectures that dominate most high school classrooms for group projects, a lot of online work and a strong focus on political and social issues.

It draws its curriculum from the national Facing History and Ourselves model that uses the Holocaust and other historical events to show students, “the essential connection between history and the moral choices they confront in their own lives.”

It’s a school where pictures and quotes from Gandhi, Martin Luther King or Elie Wiesel are everywhere. It’s a school where students have debates in class over whether guns should be allowed on college campuses and where Spanish classes feature a movie about Che Guevara.

Now, I don’t know if Facing History students sell Che buttons at school fundraisers, or wear Che shirts to class. But I can guess that any teacher who does “grapple” with the “ethical dilemma” posed by Castro’s ruthless enforcer is perfectly willing to tolerate a few Che stickers around campus.

I’m sure you already know where I stand on this, but let me spell it out.

If you think wearing a Che Guevara shirt is “free expression” but wearing a Nazi swastika is “hate speech” then not only are you a purveyor of the false ideology of Social Justice, but you also do not understand what tolerance is.

Wearing either symbol – the swastika or Che – is hateful but not criminal; and, not being criminal, should not be banned. Young people must be taught to tolerate the non-criminal behavior of others, and demand actual justice for criminals like Che and Hitler.

The real problem is not that virtually every school grapples with the dilemma of Nazism, but that virtually no school grapples with the dilemma of Communism. These “tolerant” schools are using the power of the state to “educate” students that Nazi murderers are “socially unjust” while Communist murderers are “social justice warriors.”

These schools are producing the people who will “protect” us from fascism.

future_nasty-2

In Which I Agree with the White Supremacist Vaginarchy that the Future is Nasty

Donald Trump is not the first “pseudo-modern” American president, and he won’t be the last. Because what pseudo-modern Americans really want is the “People’s Choice President.” Voting “should” be as easy — and mindless — as texting “Yes” or “No” to a political poll streamed to their “smartphone.”

In philosophical terms, says Alan Kirby, “the culture we have now fetishises the recipient of the text to the degree that they become a partial or whole author of it. Optimists may see this as the democratisation of culture; pessimists will point to the excruciating banality and vacuity of the cultural products thereby generated. … By definition, pseudo-modern cultural products cannot and do not exist unless the individual intervenes physically in them.”

Thus are The People both elevated to the pinnacle of importance and reduced to utter banality. Radio listeners can influence radio playlists in real time, television audiences can vote TV show cast members off the island, and protesters can be applauded as they take over the microphone at political rallies.

Politicians are only too happy to give us what we want; indeed, that is what they’ve always done. But pseudo-modern voters have made it extraordinarily easy for politicians to portray themselves as a “blank slate” — upon which voters draw whatever they desire. Barack Obama proudly admitted this; it was one of his greatest achievements.

“I serve as a blank screen,” Obama wrote in The Audacity of Hope, “on which people of vastly different political stripes project their own views.”

While Obama merely proved that Progressives don’t care if their emperor has no clothes, what The Donald proved is that politicians no longer need a party or the press. All politicians need now is The People to physically intervene, and all the “authors” of a political campaign need to do is pretend to abolish themselves — “for the people.”

It is no coincidence that Barack Obama, in his farewell address, and Donald Trump, in his inaugural, both made the same appeal.

“I am asking you to believe. Not in my ability to bring about change — but in yours,” said the man famous for being a community organizer.

“Everyone is listening to you now,” said the man famous for singlehandedly making America great again.

In some ways, all this empowerment of We The People is “for position only” (to use a term from my days in the printing industry) — a cheap, low-resolution, facsimile of the real artwork that is replaced by the experts at the printing plant before public distribution. Another analogy comes from the Obama Administration itself, which wrote the Affordable Care Act in a way that “treated” the “stupidity of the American voter” to prevent the infection of stupidity from spreading any further.

In other ways, the empowerment is good. The gatekeepers in The Media have lost much (if not all) of their power. The Progressive coalition — long kept by politicians in separate subcritical masses called identity groups (to prevent premature detonation) — has finally reached its long-sought “critical mass” only to result in what was always going to happen: fission. If the recent Women’s March against “government taking our rights” proved anything, it’s that Progressives have finally discovered government can be too big and too powerful; and that being a “woman” or a “minority” is no longer enough. After the march, transgender women (aka men) excoriated cis-pussied white women (aka the white supremacist vaginarchy) for the “oppressive message” that a “vagina is essential to womanhood.”

Across the pond, counter-culture pop icon Brian Eno has “anger at myself for not realising what was going on” with Brexit and now Trump. “I thought that all those Ukip people and those National Fronty people were in a little bubble. Then I thought: ‘Fuck, it was us, we were in the bubble, we didn’t notice it.’ There was a revolution brewing and we didn’t spot it because we didn’t make it. We expected we were going to be the revolution.”

Back here in California, a Progressive scientist has inexplicably declared the end of the “post-post-truth world” and a Progressive legislature has demanded “civic online reasoning” in high school curricula — even as Progressive scientists and legislators insist that men without vaginas can still be women and that “fake news” is damaging the very foundation of our democracy.

“Fortunately,” says the pseudo-modern scientist, “here in California citizens have many avenues for engaging directly with scientists to discuss issues such as climate change …”

I don’t know if Brexit and Trump constitute a revolution, as Eno says they do. Perhaps they are just the outward manifestations of the pseudo-modern revolution that “occurred” — as Alan Kirby says — “somewhere in the late 1990s or early 2000s.”

What I do know is that, in this brave new world, history is meaningless. All that matters is Forward, and whether we can “lean into” our “impactful lives” — where we have The Power to vote Hillary off the island and get Trump in return.

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A Higher and More Powerful Title

Jimmy Carter had an op-ed in the Wall Street Journal yesterday, in which he extols the virtues of human rights.

Fortunately for all of us, free speech is one of the actual human rights, and state-sponsored “protection” from free speech (aka “hate speech laws”) is not. People like Barack Obama and Jimmy Carter are nothing more than lawfully-elected criminals running a protection racket: we elect them, they promise to “protect” us from “hate speech.”

Neither Carter nor Obama believe the words they speak. If they did, they would stop trying to redefine “citizen” as “undocumented resident.”

Yes, that’s the new phrase for “undocumented immigrant.”

In this civic atmosphere of “no borders” and “sanctuary city” resolutions, it is richly ironic (or, more accurately, cravenly pathetic) that Carter writes this paean to America: “In our democracy, the only title higher and more powerful than that of president is the title of citizen.”

“President” Obama literally tried to end-run the Constitutional rights of citizens with “a pen and a phone” – that, and the power of the Department of Justice.

In contrast, I actually believe that the “higher and more powerful” title is “citizen.” If only Jimmy Carter really believed that.

The Frivolous Power of Kings

“You are part of my dominion, and the ground that I am seated upon is mine, nor has anyone disobeyed my orders with impunity. Therefore, I order you not to rise onto my land, nor to wet the clothes or body of your Lord.” – King Canute, to the ocean, as chronicled by Henry of Huntingdon in AD 1129.

It is unclear, as I write this in AD 2016, how many know the story of Canute or what happened next: “But the sea carried on rising as usual without any reverence for his person, and soaked his feet and legs.”

One might be forgiven for thinking that humans have learned something about the quality of their leaders since 1129. But kings still walk among us, as do their followers.

“This was the moment when the rise of the oceans began to slow, and our planet began to heal.” – Barack Obama, to the oceans, after winning the Democratic primaries in AD 2008.

Although Canute did not make his pronouncement in a stadium of screaming fans far from the sea, the primary difference between the two men is not that Canute confronted his opponent. But Canute did command “with the greatest vigor” that his throne “should be set on the shore when the tide began to rise.” And, seated upon that throne, “he spoke to the rising sea.”

Nor can the difference between the two men be estimated by the caliber of their followers. Canute’s men were snickering at him from the beach, while Obama’s followers were cheering deliriously, and writing profusely about the “Lightworker.”

San Francisco columnist Mark Morford, who chronicled the rise of His Holiness Barack I in AD 2008, was prescient enough not to name for posterity the “deeply spiritual” people – “not coweringly religious, mind you” – who identified Obama as “that rare kind of attuned being who has the ability to lead us not merely to new foreign policies or health care plans or whatnot, but who can actually help usher in a new way of being on the planet, of relating and connecting and engaging with this bizarre earthly experiment.”

The biggest difference between Canute and Barack is what they did after the sea proved them wrong. Canute is not remembered for his response, and it would be hubris on my part to say that Obama will be remembered for his. But the two men reacted very differently.

King Canute walked out of the sea and delivered his real message: “All the inhabitants of the world should know that the power of kings is vain and trivial, and that none is worthy the name of king but He whose command the heaven, earth and sea obey by eternal laws.”

Barack, on the other hand, doubled down. Not satisfied with his vain war against the oceans, he declared war on war itself. Speaking in AD 2013 at the National Defense University in Washington, D.C., he said, “This war, like all wars, must end. That’s what history advises. That’s what our democracy demands.”

War responded by declaring a new Caliphate – dedicated to the utter destruction of the West – in AD 2014.

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Can I get some muscle over here?

Re the faculty response to the University of Chicago “safe spaces” letter.

Dear professors,

First, can I get some muscle over here? Because the free speech of Leftists stampeding toward their safe spaces can never be legitimately interrupted by concrete pressures of the political.

Second, noted domestic-terrorist-turned-educator Bill Ayers approvingly uses the term “participatory democracy” to describe Venezuela, so if that’s the kind of society you want we’ll see each other across the barricades.

Third, in Newspeak “more discussion, not less” means “shut up” and “openness, not closure” means “did you hear me I told you to shut up you ugly fascist.”

Finally, I understand you want to appear inclusive, but we know that “learning from a wealth of histories and experiences” means “the experiences of Milo Yiannopolous and Hirsi Ali are triggering so we’ll ban them from campus and if that doesn’t work we’ll harass and threaten them loudly and fearlessly.”

Yeah, students have every right to speak up. But when universities allow large numbers of revolutionary young people to become courageous and daring pathbreakers, professors become harassed elderly intellectuals who have one opportunity to turn over a new leaf before being exposed, refuted, and completely discredited.

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Bill Ayers Lied, Students Died

In 2006, American domestic-terrorist-turned-education-professor Bill Ayers said this: “Venezuela is poised to offer the world a new model of education – a humanizing and revolutionary model whose twin missions are enlightenment and liberation. This World Education Forum provides us a unique opportunity to develop and share the lessons and challenges of this profound educational project that is the Bolivarian [Communist] Revolution.”

Almost exactly 10 years later, a spokeswoman for Venezuela’s Movement of Organized Parents said this: “This country has abandoned its children. By the time we see the full consequences, there will be no way to put it right.”

What has happened to Venezuela is criminally insane, and anyone who believes anything Bill Ayers says or writes should be morally ashamed to the brink of suicide. His books on American education have been in print for decades, and Teachers College Press says he has been “inspiring” teachers nationwide “to follow their own path” and that his books are “essential reading amidst today’s public policy debates and school reform initiatives that stress the importance of ‘good teaching.'”

“Good teaching”? The kind that Ayers said would liberate and enlighten Venezuelan children? The reality could not be more different.

An Associated Press article from June 2016 puts it this way: “No food, no teachers, violence in failing Venezuela schools. … In reality, Venezuelan children have missed an average of 40 percent of class time, a parent group estimates, as a third of teachers skip work on any given day to wait in food lines. At Maria’s school, so many students have fainted from hunger that administrators told parents to keep their children home if they have no food. And while the school locks its gate each morning, armed robbers, often teens themselves, still manage to break in and stick up kids between classes.”

Gluten_ChemTrails

Reprise: Whence Comes the Witch?

“It’s drowning all your old rationalism and skepticism, it’s coming in like a sea; and the name of it is superstition.” – Emile Cammaerts in his 1937 study of G.K. Chesterton, “The Laughing Prophet.”

In 2013, after reading that a woman “accused of sorcery” had been burned alive in Papua New Guinea, I wrote an essay titled “Whence Comes the Witch?”

I contended then that America, no matter how “enlightened” we claim to be, is not immune to witch hunts. The wave of hysterical child sex abuse prosecutions that swept the country in the 1980s and 90s proves my case, and today there are other hysterias just waiting for the right spark.

President Obama’s current Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy is John Holdren, just one of many modern scientists who believe many strange things and is willing to use government power against others who disagree.

Everyman, having exchanged his rationalism for tea leaves, has heard the call that “the world can’t wait” and “we must act now.” He has responded with the despair of immigration riots, Occupy Wall Street riots, Black Lives Matter riots, campus riots, and now riots at political rallies.

You may believe in gluten chemtrails or that trees should have legal standing to sue or that “the world can’t wait” or that violence is a legitimate political strategy – or in any number of other superstitions. But if you do, don’t be surprised when the next witch hunt occurs.

Whence comes the witch? Jules Michelet answered that question in 1862: “I say unhesitatingly: from times of despair.”

Nothing vs Everything

The War on Nothing

“I always wanted to be in a show about nothing and here I am,” our President recently said, sitting in a 1963 Corvette Stingray with a comedian driving in circles on the south lawn of the White House. “There’s nothing more nothing than this,” replied the comedian famous for his show about nothing. “Nothing.”

Seinfeld, the long-running TV comedy featuring four narcissistic friends in New York, has been widely described as “a show about nothing” – a riff echoed by both Obama and Seinfeld in the December 2015 episode of Comedians in Cars Getting Coffee (season 7, episode 1, “Just Tell Him You’re the President”).

It turns out that the show was about everything. As Jerry Seinfeld noted in a Reddit discussion from January 2014, “the show about nothing was just a joke in an episode many years later, and Larry and I to this day are surprised that it caught on as a way that people describe the show, because to us it’s the opposite of that.”

Just as Seinfeld was not about nothing, this essay is not about the show. But it is a useful starting point – not only because most Americans are convinced that the show was about nothing, but because America is embroiled in a world war about everything that too many Americans believe is about nothing.

On the home front of this war, certain combatants have gone to great lengths to convince Americans that nothing is superior to anything.

Commander in Chief Obama told the world at the NATO Summit of 2009, “I believe in American exceptionalism, just as I suspect that the Brits believe in British exceptionalism and the Greeks believe in Greek exceptionalism.” In other words, the so-called leader of the so-called free world wants you to believe that every country believes it is exceptional and no country is exceptional in fact.

In our educational institutions, the doctrine of Multiculturalism demands that students believe no culture is superior to any culture. Higher up in the Ivory Tower, the philosophers of Relativism posit that all cultural standards are local – that beauty, or good, or justice, are only beautiful or good or just in their local context – and that no one has a “framework-independent vantage point” from which to create a universal concept of good or justice.

Outside the green zone – the military term for “safe space” – Social Justice Warriors interpret these orders to require cultural suicide: cultures which believe themselves to be superior must open their borders to immigrants from every other culture; recognize and accommodate the group differences of those immigrants; grant a host of legal exemptions to foreigners who demand those accommodations; and abandon their own local standards in favor of others.

SJW’s are against Capitalism, Christianity, and Israel. They use freedom of speech, religion, and assembly to incite violence against the same. They press every tenet of Western thought into the service of a gelatinous cultural Marxism that has no foundation but power. They even pervert the vision of Martin Luther King, Jr., whose objections to this ideology are well known:

“This deprecation of individual freedom was objectionable to me,” King wrote in his 1957 book, Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story. “I am convinced now, as I was then, that man is an end because he is a child of God. Man is not made for the state; the state is made for man. To deprive man of freedom is to relegate him to the status of a thing, rather than elevate him to the status of a person. Man must never be treated as means to the end of the state; but always as an end within himself.”

Okay, that seems to be a fair – if minimalist – description of America’s domestic enemies; and America would survive the onslaught from the legions of nothing if they were not allied with enemies foreign.

In 1947, an Egyptian Muslim intellectual named Sayyid Qutb wrote of his country, “Either we shall walk the path of Islam or we shall walk the path of Communism.” He was convinced that Islam was the only complete system – laws, government bureaucracy, social and economic rules – which could create a just and godly society.

A year later, threatened with arrest in Egypt, he sailed first-class to New York, NY – the city where “the show about nothing” was set 41 years later – for a two-year educational tour of America.

Lawrence Wright describes Qutb’s journey – from New York, to the District of Columbia, to Colorado, and finally to California – in The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11. Although he appeared to like our country, its combination of racism and sexual hedonism radicalized Qutb so that, when he returned to Egypt in 1950, he wrote:

“The white man in Europe or America is our number-one enemy. … We are endowing our children with amazement and respect for the master who tramples our honor and enslaves us. Let us instead plant the seeds of hatred, disgust, and revenge in the souls of these children. Let us teach these children from the time their nails are soft that the white man is the enemy of humanity, and that they should destroy him at the first opportunity.”

Where have we heard that before? #EgyptianLivesMatter?

Executed in 1966 for jihad against his own country’s secular government, Qutb became the father of the Muslim Brotherhood and modern political Islam. “I performed jihad for fifteen years until I earned this martyrdom,” he said from prison. When his sister pleaded for him to accept parole, he said, “My words will be stronger if they kill me.”

Qutb’s writings motivated men like Osama bin Laden, Ayman Al-Zawahiri, and countless others. Today, Sunni Islamist groups – Boko Haram, al-Qaeda, the Taliban, and the Islamic State, to name the most prolific – have declared a War on Everything. They’re against Capitalism, Communism, Socialism, and Democracy. They’re anti-Christian, anti-Jew, and anti-Atheist. They hate the Gay Community enough to throw suspected gay men off tall buildings. They even hate the minority Shiite Islamists who share their hatreds.

America’s response to the moral certainty of Islam has been predictable: Nothing will win the War on Everything.

Even though the stated goal of ISIS is to reestablish the worldwide Islamic Caliphate, President Obama has said repeatedly that the Islamic State is “not Islamic.”

In September 2014, Secretary of State John Kerry said, “In terms of al-Qaeda, which we have used the word ‘war’ with, yeah … We are at war with al-Qaeda and its affiliates. In the same context, if you want to use it, yes, we are at war with ISIL in that sense. But I think it’s a waste of time to focus on that.” In other words, America is finally at war with an Islamic State that isn’t Islamic, but it’s a waste of time to think about that.

More recently – after a Philadelphia man fired 11 rounds at a police officer and told authorities that he “pledges allegiance to Islamic State” and was “called upon to do this” – the mayor of the City of Brotherly Love said the act of Islamist terror had “nothing to do with being a Muslim or following the Islamic faith.”

Which brings us back to the home front, where those who insist there is no “framework-independent vantage point” feverishly put labels on the consequences for which they fight. Social Justice is superior to Blind Justice. Income Equality is superior to the idea that Everyone is Created Equal. Human Rights are superior to the Natural Rights of Humans. Black Lives Matter but All Lives do not.

This is the war that matters most. Not just because it is an absolute lie to assert that some truths are absolute and simultaneously that no absolute truth exists; but because believing that obvious lie imbues us with a self-humiliation, or, as Theodore Dalrymple once put it:

“When people are forced to remain silent when they are being told the most obvious lies, or even worse when they are forced to repeat the lies themselves, they lose once and for all their sense of probity. To assent to obvious lies is to co-operate with evil, and in some small way to become evil oneself. One’s standing to resist anything is thus eroded, and even destroyed. A society of emasculated liars is easy to control.”

I would like to say that the self-evident truths of the Constitution will prevail in both of these wars, but the very foundations of our society are being destroyed just as ruthlessly as the ancient monuments of the Middle East.

It is cruel justice that America’s future – and that of Western Civilization – will be determined at this intersectionality of Nothing and Everything: where America’s un-American Social Justice Warriors find themselves allied with Islam’s non-Islamic terrorists.

There is nothing more everything than this. Nothing.

Photos: “Women March Against the Phony ‘War on Women'” courtesy of Ringo’s Pictures. Islamic Warriors March Against Other Phony Islamic Warriors during the Safavid dynasty in modern-day Iran, from a fresco in Isfahan.

Mao_Search

16 Points, 1000 Demands

Breaking news from 1966: Students at universities across America have made a clear-headed appraisal of the international and domestic situation on the basis of science, and realized that reactionaries at home and abroad can and must be defeated in a new stage of the cultural revolution.

At the University of Cincinnati, students demand “holistic profiles including extensive background checks, mental evaluations, and accounts of past misbehaviors of all faculty/staff/police hired at the University of Cincinnati, starting immediately.”

Fortunately, students at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill contradict their Buckeye brethren, demanding an end to “criminal background checks for all faculty, staff, and administration.”

Half a continent away, students at Occidental College demand the “immediate removal of President Veitech” and the “immediate demilitarization of Campus Safety” and the hiring of “much-needed physicians of color … to treat physical and emotional trauma associated with issues of identity.”

Back in the Peach State, protesters at Kennesaw State University demand a more punitive approach to their  identity issues.”We demand required cultural awareness, race and ethnicity, and intersectional LGBT diversity training for members of Greek Life and all student organizations on campus,” they say. Not only that, but “no one should be exempt” and “staff members are not agents of respectability, nor are organization advisory boards breeding grounds for respectability politics; we will no longer accept the tone policing, political bias, and overarching reach of the power of organization advisors.”

These “daring” students have already achieved some long-awaited satisfaction: summary resignations of top officials at Mizzou; the creation of new committees and congresses at Harvard; and new disciplinary rules which isolate counter-revolutionary revisionists at Towson.

However, even though the “main current” of these revolutionary young people has been “correct from the beginning,” some new ideas, cultures, customs, and habits, may have to wait.

Amherst College President Carolyn Martin, for instance, has declined to meet specific demands, a lesson to younger students that the revolutionary road zigzags and does not run smoothly. “While expressing support for their goals,” Martin said in a statement, “I explained that the formulation of those demands assumed more authority and control than a president has or should have.”

Amherst Uprising organizers did not immediately respond to Martin’s statement, lending credence to the possibility that they will give her a chance to turn over a new leaf before exposing, refuting, and completely discrediting her.

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Scatter the Old World, Build a New World. (Source)

Some of this might sound familiar to harassed elderly intellectuals, but the students themselves appear blissfully unaware that their own revolution bears a striking resemblance to China’s “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” of 1966-1976, which started as a political struggle for control of the Chinese Communist Party. (Neither Bernie Sanders nor Hillary Clinton would confirm or deny it, but sources say their struggle continues.)

Leading up to 1966, Mao rightly feared that his previous great idea – the disastrous “Great Leap Forward” which caused the deaths of more than 20 million people – had diminished his influence. To counter that effect, he took advantage of the open criticism and launched a “New Stage in the Socialist Revolution.”

In May 1966, purges of the bureaucracy began. The top party official in Beijing University’s Philosophy Department attacked the administration. University faculty across the country responded with more of the same. The wave of criticisms spread to high schools in Beijing, and squads of students were recruited as Red Guards: “the front line of the new revolutionary upheaval.”

In August of 1966, Mao published his Sixteen Points – officially titled the “Decision of the Central Committee of the Chinese Party Concerning the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” – which defined his goals. And he began to preside over parades of Red Guards, holding his “Little Red Book” in benediction over the masses.

“The chaos and violence increased in the autumn and winter of 1966, as schools and universities closed so that students could dedicate themselves to ‘revolutionary struggle.’ They were encouraged to destroy the ‘Four Olds’ – old customs, old habits, old culture, and old thinking – and in the process damaged many of China’s temples, valuable works of art, and buildings. They also began to verbally and physically attack authority figures in society, including their teachers, school administrators, Communist Party members, neighbors, and even their friends, relatives, and parents. At the same time, purges were carried out in the high ranks of the Communist Party.” (Stefanie Lamb, Introduction to the Cultural Revolution, Stanford University, 2005.)

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Bombard the Capitalist Headquarters (Source)

In America, Mao inspired men like Bob Avakian (chairman of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA), NAACP leader Robert F. Williams, Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale of the Black Panther Party, and UC Berkeley dropout Alex Hing of the Red Guard Party. The proudly Maoist Progressive Labor Party recruited heavily from the proudly Maoist Students for a Democratic Society.

China’s Cultural Revolution ended in 1976, and was replaced by “something quite nearly its opposite: pragmatism, interdependence, openness to outside influences, and capitalism” (Lamb, 2005). But even though the Party was severely damaged by the failed ideas that scarred Chinese society, those ideas were not rejected in America – they went underground, and were kept alive by men like Bill Ayers, a founding member of the Maoist “Weather Underground” and now a retired professor of education from the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Today’s students may or may not understand the provenance of their demands, but these young Red Guards are still mesmerized by ideas that killed 94 million people in the century that ended only a few short years ago.

As Mao said, “Because the resistance is fairly strong, there will be reversals and even repeated reversals … The struggle of the proletariat against the old ideas, culture, customs and habits left over by all the exploiting classes over thousands of years will necessarily take a very, very long time. … The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is bound to achieve brilliant victory under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Party headed by Comrade Mao Tse-tung.”

Mao’s Sixteen Points from 1966 Compared to Student Demands from 2015

Student demands in this section come from The Demands and are organized under appropriate headings from the “Decision of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party Concerning the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” of 1966.

A_New_Scene

A New Scene in Xiangyangyuan (Source)

1) A New Stage in the Socialist Revolution: “Although the bourgeoisie has been overthrown, it is still trying to use the old ideas, culture, customs and habits of the exploiting classes to corrupt the masses, capture their minds and endeavour to stage a comeback. The proletariat must do the exact opposite: it must meet head-on every challenge of the bourgeoisie in the ideological field and use the new ideas, culture, customs and habits of the proletariat to change the mental outlook of the whole of society. At present, our objective is to struggle against and overthrow those persons in authority who are taking the capitalist road, to criticize and repudiate the reactionary bourgeois academic ‘authorities’ and the ideology of the bourgeoisie and all other exploiting classes and to transform education, literature and art and all other parts of the superstructure not in correspondence with the socialist economic base, so as to facilitate the consolidation and development of the socialist system.”

University of Missouri: “We demand that the University of Missouri meets the Legion of Black Collegians’ demands that were presented in the 1969 for the betterment of the black community.”

Clemson University: “We want the names of offensively named buildings, ex. Tillman Hall, changed.”

Middle Tennessee State University: “Change Forrest Hall, a group of students, faculty, and community members has one demand: the immediate removal of Nathan Bedford Forrest’s name from Middle Tennessee State University’s ROTC building.”

New York University: “Rededicate Library from Elmer Holmes Bobst, a known anti-Semite; removal of Elihu Root’s name from the School of Law Scholarship for being an advocate of US Colonialism; renaming of the Fales Collection of English Literature within Bobst, as Fales family fortunes can be traced to colonial slavery. Rename these for POC or people of marginalized communities in the US who have been leaders in activism and advocacy of oppressed groups, OR leaders of equal style and caliber from the Global South.”

University of Alabama: “Remove the names of white supremacists, klansmen, confederate generals, and eugenicists from classroom buildings or include a visual marker to indicate the history of racism that the building’s namesake was associated with.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND the removal of the racist Confederate monument Silent Sam and ALL confederate monuments on campuses in the UNC-system. We DEMAND that Carolina Hall, a whitewashing of Saunders Hall, be renamed Hurston Hall. A plaque on the exterior of the building should make clear that William Saunders was a chief architect of white supremacy in North Carolina as a Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan.”

University of North Carolina Greensboro: “WE DEMAND the removal of policies, groups, symbols and icons glorifying white supremacy.”

University of Oregon: “Change the names of all of the KKK related buildings on campus. DEADY Hall will be the first building to be renamed. a. We cannot and should not be subjugated to walk in any buildings that have been named after people that have vehemently worked against the Black plight, and plight of everyone working to achieve an equitable society. b. Allowing buildings to be named after members who support these views is in direct conflict with the university’s goal keep black students safe on campus. c. We demand this change be implemented by Fall 2016 To University of Oregon Administration From Black Student Task Force.”

University of San Diego: “We demand that the university’s current mascot, Diego Torero, be replaced by a non-human mascot, as Diego Torero is a racist and derogatory caricature of Spanish men.”

University of San Diego: “We demand that representatives from the university’s administration acknowledge the colonialist legacy of Junípero Serra, who established the Catholic California mission system that massacred the vast majority of native peoples in California. We demand that Serra Hall be renamed to a designation chosen by a coalition of native students, staff and faculty.”

Vanderbilt University: “Eliminate the inscription of ‘Confederate’ on Memorial Hall as well as the plaque paying homage to the Daughters of the Confederacy.”

Yale University: “Rename Calhoun College. Name it and the two new residential colleges after people of color. a. Abolish the title ‘master.’ b. Build a monument designed by a Native artist on Cross Campus acknowledging that Yale University was founded on stolen indigenous land.”

Thousand_Li_March

To go on a thousand ‘li’ march to temper a red heart (Source)

2) The Main Current and the Zigzags: “Large numbers of revolutionary young people, previously unknown, have become courageous and daring pathbreakers. … they argue things out, expose and criticize thoroughly, and launch resolute attacks on the open and hidden representatives of the bourgeoisie. … their general revolutionary orientation has been correct from the beginning. This is the main current … there will be reversals and even repeated reversals in this struggle. … the revolutionary road zigzags and does not run smoothly.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND language justice for all workers at UNC. Trainings, materials, and all communication should be made available in all languages that workers prefer.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND that all administrators be compensated at the same rate as workers.”

University of North Carolina Greensboro: “No Hate Groups on Campus. Ever. Freedom of speech should not be used as a justification for rampant hateful language or opinions that further marginalizes historically oppressed communities.”

University of Ottawa: “Reserved space for a racialized students Centre.”

University of Puget Sound: “We demand that the future President-Elect of the University of Puget Sound be required to attend a meeting of every identity and faith based group on campus to better understand the realities of the current campus climate, and the needs and concerns of students moving into the future.”

University of San Diego: “We demand that Yik Yak, an anonymous social media application, be banned from the USD area, as it provides a platform for hate speech inflected with racism, sexism, homophobia, transphobia, and, especially recently, islamophobia, amongst several other bigotries.”

Advance_Courageously

Advance courageously along the glorious road of Chairman Mao’s “7 May instruction” (Source)

3) Put Daring Above Everything Else and Boldly Arouse the Masses: “…persevere in giving correct leadership, put daring above everything else, boldly arouse the masses, change the state of weakness and incompetence where it exists, encourage those comrades who have made mistakes but are willing to correct them to cast off their mental burdens and join in the struggle, and dismiss from their leading posts all those in authority who are taking the capitalist road and so make possible the recapture of the leadership for the proletarian revolution.”

Brown University: “We demand that the Brown Corporation and administration comply with the demands of the graduate and undergraduate students.”

Occidental College: “Immediate removal of President Veitech. … Immediate demilitarization of Campus Safety. Includes, but is not limited to: removal of bulletproof vests from uniform, exclusion of military and external police rhetoric from all documents and daily discourse, increased transparency and positive direct connection to the student body. … Hire much-needed physicians of color at Emmons Wellness Center to treat physical and emotional trauma associated with issues of identity.”

Purdue University: “We demand that administrators, specifically President Mitch Daniels, acknowledge the hostile environment caused by hateful and ignorant discrimination on Purdue’s campus.”

Tufts University: “We demand that if any of these demands are unable to be met we demand that the university make a public response explaining explicitly the rationale for the non-compliance.”

UC Berkeley: “WE DEMAND that all of our demands be fully implemented within the next 3­6 months and that the Chancellor give us his official response no later than 5PM on March 6th 015 (sic).”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND the immediate firing of Margaret Spellings. And any future President of the UNC system must be decided collectively by students, staff, faculty, workers, and those living in North Carolina who are marginalized by the University space.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND the elimination of tuition and fees for all students.”

University of South Carolina: “We require that university personnel use personal gender pronouns as indicated by the individual.”

Educate_Yourselves

Educated youth must go to the countryside to receive re-education from the Poor and Lower-Middle peasants! (Source)

4) Let the Masses Educate Themselves in the Movement: “Trust the masses, rely on them and respect their initiative. … Let the masses educate themselves in this great revolutionary movement and learn to distinguish between right and wrong and between correct and incorrect ways of doing things.”

Kennesaw State University: “We demand student-led diversity training for all advising departments. … We must be allowed to fully articulate our diversity on our own terms.”

Lewis and Clark College: “Curriculum Committee: Implement a category to evaluate multiculturalism and diverse perspectives during the audits for each major/minor department that occurs every 2 years. … Additionally, student input should have a greater presence in the committee decision.”

Loyola University Maryland: “We demand Mandatory Racial Justice Training for all employees, faculty, staff, and new students. This training must be facilitated by a student-approved third party consultant.”

Michigan State University: “We demand an increase in tenure-stream faculty whose research specializes in Black Politics , Black Linguistics, Black Sociology, Black Psychology, African politics, Black Queer Studies, Hip-Hop Studies, African American Literature, African Literature, and Decolonial Theory. All these faculty hires must be approved by a panel of Black student leaders…”

New York University: “Creation of a full-time central diversity staff position within CSALS to oversee different NYU student diversity groups. The approval of said staff must be granted by the Black & Brown Coalition with an interview of the candidate performed by us.”

Simmons College: “We demand an overhaul of the curriculum that includes and highlights the contributions of people of color across all disciplines. We also demand that this curricular overhaul be student-centered by actively including students of color in the voting, negotiation and decision-making process in academic curriculum committees.”

UCLA: “Create a student advisory board for the Office of the Vice Chancellor of Equity Diversity and Inclusion. This will make sure students are able to hold UCLA administration accountable, and also work with administration in their charge to improve campus climate.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND that the University incorporate mandatory programming for all University constituents (students, faculty, staff, administrators, deans, chairs, etc.) that teaches the historical racial violence of this University and town as well as a historical and contemporary look at the ways in which racial capitalism, settler colonialism, and cisheteropatriarchy structure our world. This will come from an ungraded course created and facilitated by a coalition of students as part of a broader task force of workers, students and staff.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND a task force of students and workers of our choosing be immediately instituted in order to create a timeline and action plan to address the University’s relation to policing and penal institutions.”

University of Oregon: “Commit to creating a Student Advisory Board for The Office of Equity & Inclusion and Center for Multicultural Academic Excellence (CMAE). We expect the advisory board to consist of students of color.”

Firmly_Criticize

Criticize the reactionary thought of Lin Biao and Confucius, firmly walk with the workers and peasants on the road of unity (Source)

5) Firmly Apply the Class Line of the Party: “Concentrate all forces to strike at the handful of ultra-reactionary bourgeois rightists and counter-revolutionary revisionists, and expose and criticize to the full their crimes against the Party, against socialism and against Mao Tse-tung’s thought so as to isolate them to the maximum. The main target of the present movement is those within the Party who are in authority and are taking the capitalist road.”

Claremont McKenna College: “Expose students to systemic oppression through FWS and FHS-this includes but is not limited to issues on race, sexuality, gender, class and ability. The need for such programs to educate the student body is evidenced by numerous microaggressions felt by students of color.”

Claremont McKenna College: “Mandatory and periodic racial sensitivity trainings for all professors. The majority of the 20 students at the first social recalled instances in which professors made racially insensitive remarks, asked students to represent their race in class, or repeatedly mistook students for other students of color in the class.”

Dartmouth College: “Enact curricular changes that require all students to interrogate issues of social justice, marginalization and exploitation in depth. Each student should have to take classes that will challenge their understanding of institutionalized injustice around issues of race, class, gender, sexuality, etc. This learning objective could be embedded in all first year seminars.”

Dartmouth College: “Every Dartmouth student should be taught and made aware that the land they reside on is Abenaki homeland. This should take place during all major Dartmouth ceremonies, especially during orientation and commencement.”

Duke University: “Members of the university that are reported to have worn culturally insensitive costumes or attend/host culturally insensitive parties will report to student conduct for bias/harassment infractions.”

Emory University: “We would like to see repercussions or sanctions for racist actions performed by professors, administrators/staff and students alike. Bias incident reports are not sufficient. Our micro and macro-aggressions should not be regarded as just data collection but should, in fact, be taken seriously and met with the highest level of urgency and care.”

Guilford College: “College administrators, professors, and staff must publicly acknowledge their racism, be it overt, covert, or passive. We suggest that every week a faculty member come forward and publicly admit their participation in racism inside the classroom via a letter to the editor in the Guilfordian.”

Johns Hopkins University: “We demand accountability for peers, faculty, and staff who target Black students both inside of and outside of the classroom. Attending to such situations must transition from a passive email sent to the student body, to an active stance taken against racial intolerance by the administration. Perpetrators that aim to make Black students uncomfortable or unsafe for racial reasons must complete additional diversity training and face impactful repercussions for their actions.”

Lawrence University: “A mandatory cultural sensitivity training for all faculty and staff should be enforced and that must be done at the beginning of every school year and at least twice a year. There should be repercussions if this training is not attended.”

University of South Carolina: “We demand that a transparent and independent investigation be launched into the following university administrators: the Executive Assistant to the President for Equal Opportunity Programs; the Associate Vice President for Student Affairs and Academic Support, Student Life and Development; and the Vice President for Student Affairs, Vice Provost and Dean of Students.”

Wesleyan University: “Tracking Of Faculty & Staff Bias & Microaggressions. By November 30th, 2015: Report on how student input will be integrated into the formation of an anonymous student reporting system for cases of bias, including microaggressions, perpetrated by faculty and staff. By Spring, 2016: Revision of end of semester professor evaluations to include a section dedicated for reporting classroom biases, including microaggressions, perpetrated by instructors.”

Yale University: “Immediate removal of Nicholas and Erika Christakis from the positions of Master and Associate Master of Silliman College a. The development of racial competence and respect training and accountability systems for all Yale affiliates. b. The inclusion of a question about the racial climate of the classrooms of both teaching fellows and professors in semester evaluations. c. Bias reporting system on racial discrimination and an annual report that will be released to the Yale community.”

Contradictions

Study Lu Xun’s revolutionary spirit to become a pathbreaker in criticizing Lin Biao and Confucius (Source)

6) Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People: “Contradictions among the people must not be made into contradictions between ourselves and the enemy; nor must contradictions between ourselves and the enemy be regarded as contradictions among the people.”

Missouri State University: “Given that Multicultural services are governed by the Division of Student Affairs, the current administration is incompatible with the needs of students of color. Last year, Multicultural Services was moved from the Division for Diversity & Inclusion to the Division of Student Affairs. This move has been marketed to students as ‘beneficial’; however, it has only allowed for negligence toward the concerns and needs of minority students by ill equipped faculty.”

Purdue University: “We demand that there be enforced extensive background checks relating to sexual offense, hate group membership, and discriminatory offenses of all faculty, staff, and police officers.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND that the University and UNC Hospitals stop employment discrimination against formerly incarcerated people. … Stop criminal background checks for all faculty, staff, and administration.”

University of Virginia: “Establish a Culture of Truth. President and Dean of Students should deliver statements promoting acceptance and acknowledging the University’s deeply troubled history. These statements must acknowledge past and present racial and gender discrimination, as well as the need for full participation to repair a broken community. Such remarks should not reference Thomas Jefferson, because of his decidedly mixed racial legacy – one with which this University has not yet come to terms.”

Capitulation_Clique

Thoroughly criticize the capitulationist clique (Source)

7) Be on Guard Against Those Who Brand the Revolutionary Masses as ‘Counter-Revolutionaries.’

Amherst: “President Martin must issue a statement to the Amherst College community at large that states we do not tolerate the actions of student(s) who posted the ‘All Lives Matter’ posters, and the ‘Free Speech’ posters that stated that ‘in memoriam of the true victim of the Missouri Protests: Free Speech.'”

Atlanta University Center Consortium: “With full respect to the administration, faculty, and law enforcement of each institution of the AUC and Atlanta officials, we cannot allow conservative policy to restrict the execution of our service to the revolution and movement.”

Dartmouth College: “Create a policy with serious consequences against hate speech/crimes (e.g. Greek house expelled for racist parties). Create a policy banning the Indian mascot (e.g., turn away people from sporting events who are wearing Indian head shirts). Require that the Review give up the ‘Dartmouth’ part of their name if they refuse to abide by the requests to stop using the term ‘Indian’ in their paper.”

Guilford College: “The college must investigate hateful Yik Yak posts and comments to the utmost of their ability. Should these posts turn overtly violent, students demand that the college report them to the proper authorities and they be treated no differently from other anonymous hate crimes.”

University of Wyoming: “We demand, the student code of conduct be revised to hold students accountable to hate crimes, hate speech, and sexual assault and a detailed reporting structure be developed for students to report such incidents. This reporting structure should be easily accessible to anyone who wishes to report such incidents without retaliation.”

Deviationists

Carry on the struggle to the end to strike against the right deviationist wind of reversing verdicts (Source)

8) The Question of Cadres: “The anti-Party, anti-socialist rightists must be fully exposed, refuted, overthrown and completely discredited and their influence eliminated. At the same time, they should be given a chance to turn over a new leaf.”

Dartmouth College: “All professors will be required to be trained in not only cultural competency but also the importance of social justice in their day-to-day work.”

Kennesaw State University: “Considering Kennesaw State University is located less than 5 miles away from ‘Wild Man’s Civil War Surplus’ (a store that openly sells confederate and KKK merchandise) a straightforward statement dedicated to separating the university from the racist culture in which it is surrounded would aid in alleviating the climate of anxiety and fear commonly felt by students of color.”

New York University: “All Deans, the Student Activities Board, and the Student Senators Council must have continuous and regular conversations with the Black and Brown Coalition.”

Notre Dame of Maryland University: “All administration, namely the President, The Board of Trustees, and Academic Affairs be more transparent regarding events and decisions taking place that could affect student life. This transparency should be enhanced by more student representation. This representation must include students of color. This demand also requires that these administrators will be updating students and faculty about the reasoning behind changes made to curriculum, athletic team, tuition, and marketing strategies.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND that students, non-academic workers, academic workers, and other North Carolina Constituents be given a vote on the Board of Governors. As it currently stands, even issuing a single student vote is insufficient to shift the balance of power.”

University of Virginia: “President Sullivan should order the creation of a mandatory online summer cultural competency training module and a fall orientation presentation. These trainings should include a University-wide online training module on discrimination and micro-aggressions, akin to the alcohol awareness online course, which is mandatory for incoming first years to complete. A similar training module should be created for all incoming faculty.”

Committees

Warmly hail the formation of the revolutionary committee of Beijing (Source)

9) Cultural Revolution Groups, Committees and Congresses: “The struggle of the proletariat against the old ideas, culture, customs and habits left over by all the exploiting classes over thousands of years will necessarily take a very, very long time. Therefore, the Cultural Revolutionary groups, committees and congresses should not be temporary organizations but permanent, standing mass organizations. They are suitable not only for colleges, schools and government and other organizations, but generally also for factories, mines, other enterprises, urban districts and villages. … The Cultural Revolutionary groups, committees and congresses in colleges and schools should consist mainly of representatives of the revolutionary students. At the same time, they should have a certain number of representatives of the revolutionary teaching and administrative staff and workers.”

Bard College: “The Multicultural Diversity Committee (MDC) at Bard College must made more visible, transparent, and accessible to the Bard community regarding its roles and responsibilities on campus. Members of the Bard College community should be informed about the committee’s role in the diversity and inclusion hiring process as well as the committee’s weekly meetings and progress made by the MDC throughout the semester. Bard must support the establishment of a student-run Diversity, Inclusion and Accountability Board.”

Beloit College: “Recurring Diversity sensitivity Training for faculty and staff to promote better inclusivity for students of color in classroom, office, and administrative spaces. Department Heads, senior staff, administrators need to participate in at least two semesters of the faculty/staff Sustained Dialogue group.”

Boston College: “Include Students in the Hiring Committee for the New Executive Director of the Office of Institutional Diversity, and Include Questions regarding Systematic Oppression as part of the Interview Process.”

Brown University: “Furthermore, we would like the instantiation of hiring committees that would ensure Brown offers competitive salaries to top faculty of color working in the aforementioned areas. In accordance with this demand, we implore Brown’s administration – with the inclusion of undergraduate and graduate students of color – to create an external board tasked with the responsibility of reviewing each department’s progress in hiring, retaining, offering competitive salaries, and creating opportunities for advancement for faculty of color who work on social justice issues.”

Guilford College: “The creation of a sovereign Office of Diversity and Inclusion to enforce these demands and keep the administration accountable – these tasks should not solely be carried out through the unpaid labor of students and faculty of color.”

Harvard University: “We demand that HSPH address race and inequity through education by instituting mandatory training on race and privilege for all students, post-docs, staff, and faculty, developing case studies that challenge social injustice, and increasing practicum opportunities on themes of racism and health. This process should begin by the spring semester and incorporate student input.”

Lawrence University: “A committee that works on recruitment and retention of Students of Color should be formed immediately. The committee should work towards solutions and ongoing programming related to recruitment and retention and Students of Color should have input in the recruitment process and appointment to the committee.”

Lewis and Clark College: “Create a committee with slots for students of color, faculty of color, and students and faculty from underrepresented communities within the hiring process.”

University of Kansas: “Establish Multicultural Student Government independent of current University of Kansas Student Senate.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND that students and workers of our choosing will be included in all committees commissioned for the hiring of top tier administrators (i.e. Chancellor, Dean, President). The current president of ASG, the student body president, and president of GPSF are already involved in some of these processes, and clearly we cannot rely on a few tokenized students.”

Study_Defense

Give prominence to politics, study air defense knowledge, train your skills up to the mark, resolutely strike against invaders (Source)

10) Educational Reform: “In the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution a most important task is to transform the old educational system and the old principles and methods of teaching. … In every kind of school we must apply thoroughly the policy advanced by Comrade Mao Tse-tung of education serving proletarian politics and education being combined with productive labour, so as to enable those receiving an education to develop morally, intellectually and physically and to become labourers with socialist consciousness and culture.”

University of Missouri: “We demand that the University of Missouri creates and enforces comprehensive racial awareness and inclusion curriculum throughout all campus departments and units, mandatory for all students, faculty, staff and administration. This curriculum must be vetted, maintained, and overseen by a board comprised of students, staff and faculty of color.”

Brown University: “We demand an in-person and compulsory Title IX training for faculty, staff, DPS, administrators, and students that includes an intersectional framework.”

Brandeis University: “Implement educational pedagogies and curriculums that increase racial awareness and inclusion within ALL departments and schools. Mandate yearly diversity and inclusion workshops for all faculty and staff with optional workshops being offered consistently throughout the academic year.”

Kennesaw State University: “We demand required cultural awareness, race and ethnicity, and intersectional LGBT diversity training for members of Greek Life and all student organizations on campus. No one should be exempt; student members of Greek Life and staff alike. Staff members are not agents of respectability, nor are organization advisory boards breeding grounds for respectability politics; we will no longer accept the tone policing, political bias, and overarching reach of the power of organization advisors.”

Lawrence University: “The newly introduced Israel­ Palestine class, and especially given that it is being offered under the Religious Studies department, needs to have its syllabus reviewed to ensure that the Palestinian narrative is represented. Offering this class in the religious studies department reinforces the ignorant notion that this is a religious conflict even though it clearly isn’t.”

Michigan State University: “We demand that Michigan State University establish a College of Race, Class, and Gender Studies. This college will be home to the newly created Department of African American and African Studies, and it would establish a Department of Chicano and Latino Studies, Department of Women and Gender Studies, and a Department of Native American Studies.”

Michigan State University: “We demand an increase in tenure-stream faculty whose research specializes in Black Politics, Black Linguistics, Black Sociology, Black Psychology, African politics, Black Queer Studies, Hip-Hop Studies, African American Literature, African Literature, and Decolonial Theory. All these faculty hires must be approved by a panel of Black student leaders and will be tenured in the Department of African American and African Studies.”

Missouri State University: “We demand the establishment of a mandatory Diversity Curriculum for administration, faculty, staff and incoming students starting with academic year of 2016-2017 in perpetuation. This curriculum should: Be designed by students, administration, and faculty; Require real-life application of the university’s pillars; and Highlight the cultural climate of the university.”

New York University: “Perpetual, continuing education on diversity for all university members that exists outside of a module format.”

Purdue University: “We demand that Purdue create and enforce a required comprehensive racial awareness curriculum for all students, staff, faculty, administration, and police. This curriculum must be vetted and overseen by a board of diverse students, faculty, and staff.”

University of Baltimore: “Cultural Competency Training & Training to Employ Culturally Relevant Pedagogy. This university is increasingly becoming a multicultural environment. With people from many diverse backgrounds the opportunity to miscommunication and insensitivity is ripe. Specifically, this university has a problem with faculty being insensitive to students of color and promoting instances of outright discrimination and microaggressions. There is a responsibility for this university to create positive environments of learning and form effective working relationships amongst all in this community.”

University of Kansas: “Mandatory, intense ‘inclusion and belonging’ training for all levels of students, staff, faculty, and administration.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND that the University incorporate mandatory programming for all University constituents (students, faculty, staff, administrators, deans, chairs, etc.) that teaches the historical racial violence of this University and town as well as a historical and contemporary look at the ways in which racial capitalism, settler colonialism, and cisheteropatriarchy structure our world. This will come from an ungraded course created and facilitated by a coalition of students as part of a broader task force of workers, students and staff. There is an acceptance of oppression as the norm at this University that must be called out and addressed. The program will be vetted by a University professor of our choosing.”

University of Virginia: “Incoming First-Years should have a three-credit seminar requirement that analyzes systems of power in regards to race, sex, sexual orientation, and other areas. The purpose of these courses is to nurture and develop the critical skills necessary to be informed and socially responsible citizens.”

Deepen_Criticism

Deepen the criticism of Lin (Biao) and Confucius, energetically increase industrial production (Source)

11) The Question of Criticizing by Name in the Press: “In the course of the mass movement of the Cultural Revolution, the criticism of bourgeois and feudal ideology should be well combined with the dissemination of the proletarian world outlook and of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Tse-tung’s thought. Criticism should be organized of typical bourgeois representatives who have wormed their way into the Party and typical reactionary bourgeois academic ‘authorities,’ and this should include criticism of various kinds of reactionary views in philosophy, history, political economy and education, in works and theories of literature and art, in theories of natural science, and in other fields.”

University of Missouri: “We demand that University of Missouri System President, Tim Wolfe, writes a hand-written apology … acknowledge his white privilege … admits his gross negligence… We demand the immediate removal of Tim Wolfe as UM system president.”

Amherst: “President Martin must issue a statement of apology to students, alumni and former students, faculty, administration and staff who have been victims of several injustices including but not limited to our institutional legacy of white supremacy, colonialism, anti-black racism, anti-Latin@ racism, anti-Native American racism, anti-Native/ indigenous racism, anti-Asian racism, anti-Middle Eastern racism, heterosexism, cis-sexism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism, ableism, mental health stigma, and classism.”

Guilford College: “A public apology must be issued from the people who directed the production of the BLM video to the organizers of Black Lives Matter Week who have been exploited by the administration by way of the marketing video posted by the college following the BLM event of 10/27/2015.”

Harvard University: “We demand that Dean Frenk issue a public statement by Wednesday, December 17, recognizing the public health relevance and impact of racism and its manifestations, including police brutality in the 21st century.”

Lawrence University: “On behalf of the university, President Burstein will send a public apology to Students and Staff of Color, past and present for not being proactive in addressing racial issues in our community. The Administration will take a public stance and release a public statement acknowledging racism, discrimination, and hate speech on our campus.”

Powerful_Marxists

Create powerful Marxist theoretical troops in the midst of battle (Source)

12) Policy Towards Scientists, Technicians and Ordinary Members of Working Staffs: “As regards scientists, technicians and ordinary members of working staffs, as long as they are patriotic, work energetically, are not against the Party and socialism, and maintain no illicit relations with any foreign country, we should in the present movement continue to apply the policy of ‘unity, criticism, unity.’ Special care should be taken of those scientists and scientific and technical personnel who have made contributions. Efforts should be made to help them gradually transform their world outlook and their style of work.”

Bard College: “Bard College must support and ensure the establishment and provision of Diversity and Sensitivity Workshops multiple times a semester to faculty and staff at all levels. These workshops will provide continuous in-person training regarding cultural understanding, engagement with bias, the use of inclusive language, etc.”

Duke University: “Professors, staff members, and non-academic employees will be in danger of losing their jobs, and non-tenure track faculty will lose tenure status if they perpetuate hate speech that threatens the safety of students of color. They will also be liable if the discriminatory attitudes behind the speech could potentially harm the academic achievements of students of color.”

Kennesaw State University: “We demand the adoption of strong repercussions and sanctions immediately added to policy for offenders of racist actions and racial bias on campus. Current policies listed in the student handbook identify discrimination and harassment as punishable, yet do not sufficiently detail the punishments and repercussions which come with these acts. These repercussions must be sufficient in reach – meaning not just for student offenders, but for staff as well – and they must be clearly stated within syllabi.”

Loyola University Maryland: “We demand Mandatory Racial Justice Training for all employees, faculty, staff, and new students. This training must be facilitated by a student-approved third party consultant.”

Michigan State University: “We demand that all current and future Residential Advisors and Michigan State University Police receive a mandatory cultural competency training.”

Purdue University: “We demand that Purdue create and enforce a required comprehensive racial awareness curriculum for all students, staff, faculty, administration, and police. This curriculum must be vetted and overseen by a board of diverse students, faculty, and staff.”

Purdue University: “We demand that there be enforced extensive background checks relating to sexual offense, hate group membership, and discriminatory offenses of all faculty, staff, and police officers.”

San Francisco State University: “Mandatory racial sensitivity training for all incoming employees, faculty of San Francisco State University including UPD.”

Simmons College: “We demand that all faculty and staff be put through rigorous diversity training that emphasizes the requirement that they address microagressions and misinformation in class. As part of this we also demand that faculty are incentivized to participate in racial justice work as part of the tenure and promotion processes. We would like to see repercussions for racial actions performed by professors and administrators or staff. Our micro and macro-aggressions should be taken seriously and met with the highest level of urgency and care.”

Southern Methodist University: “Sensitivity training for all faculty and staff, including tenured professors, must be mandatory.”

University of Baltimore: “Cultural competency training should be given on a semester basis (this includes workshops, lectures, and interactive courses) and be mandatory for students, faculty, and staff. We also demand that faculty members are put through intensive training on how to implement culturally relevant teaching techniques and curricula that breeds an environment of inclusiveness and understanding in the classroom.”

University of Cincinnati: “We demand that the University of Cincinnati conducts holistic profiles including extensive background checks, mental evaluations, and accounts of past misbehaviors of all faculty/staff/police hired at the University of Cincinnati, starting immediately.”

University of Kansas: “Mandatory, intense ‘inclusion and belonging’ training for all levels of students, staff, faculty, and administration.”

Vanderbilt University: “Develop ongoing racial competency training for all faculty and staff. Maintain these training modules for all faculty and staff in order to address issues as they arise and to insure absorption and incorporation of competency tenets. Include a question concerning the racial climate of the classroom in professor evaluations.”

Border_Areas

Let young people contribute to the development of the border areas (Source)

13) The Question of Arrangements for Integration With the Socialist Education Movement in City and Countryside: “The cultural and educational units and leading organs of the Party and government in the large and medium cities are the points of concentration of the present proletarian Cultural Revolution. The Great Cultural Revolution has enriched the socialist education movement in both city and countryside and raised it to a higher level. Efforts should be made to conduct these two movements in close combination. Arrangements to this effect may be made by various regions and departments in the light of the specific conditions.”

[Author’s Note: In China, millions of citizens were forcibly removed to the countryside to “reeducate” themselves among the working class. American students have not yet made such radical demands, but they clearly demand that their revolution not be confined to the campus.]

Grinnell College: “Partnership with City Officials to develop protocols around responses to bias-motivated incidents that occur in the city of Grinnell. Create community relations and mentor programs to facilitate increased meaningful connection between the college and the City of Grinnell.”

Lawrence University: “The University will work with the city of Appleton’s Diversity Coordinator, the Appleton Police Department and the Mayor of Appleton to discuss and implement a safety plan for addressing street harassment and violence on College Ave. and Appleton, WI.”

Santa Clara University: “Off campus Student Life Orientation. There are a variety of health and safety reasons that support the decision to track on and off campus living. In addition to those reasons, it is in the University’s best interest to have a record of students living on and off campus. In addition to tracking student housing, we advocate for the school to create an off campus student life orientation that preps students for living on their own. It should also include a diversity and sexual assault component. This off campus orientation is expected to be completed by all students. Failure to do so would result in a potential fine or a hold on one’s ability to register for classes until completed.”

UCLA: “Create a UCLA community schools in a predominately Black Area of Los Angeles. Black Students are one of the smallest populations at UCLA, and the university should be doing all it can to reach out to them. Currently community schools are 80% Latino and 14% Asian. UCLA should be focusing on its smallest populations of Black and American Indian students.”

University of Cincinnati: “We demand that the University of Cincinnati divest from any companies involved in the operation of private prisons and establish a Socially Responsible Investment Committee (or at least adopting a socially responsible investment policy) for all investment transactions by the start of the 2017-­2018 Academic Year.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND that the University evaluate all companies it is currently licensing with, and make decisions to cut contracting with corporations proven to have deeply exploitative and abusive track records toward workers. Given that, we DEMAND UNC cut its current licensing with: a. VF Corporation. Signing the Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh is insufficient, because VF Corporation, which makes UNC apparel, has moved their sites of production outside of Bangladesh, effectively nullifying the Accord. b. Nike. The University signed a near $40 million 10-year contract with the corporation in 2009.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND that the University decriminalize sleeping on campus or being on campus after midnight for non-students. We know these policies are primarily meant to police poor, Black, and Brown bodies on supposedly ‘public’ space.”

University of North Carolina at Greensboro: “WE DEMAND accountability to the larger community. a. Stop the Gentrification of Glenwood. UNCG must stop any further plans to expand the campus into the neighborhood and work with the community to decide what to do with the property already purchased by the university. b. No more UNCG police patrolling through Glenwood neighborhood. The campus police department is unaccountable to the residents of the Glenwood neighborhood and should not police that community. c. UNCG must join the growing movement of divestment from companies and other financial entities profiting from fossil fuels, private prisons, and the Israeli Occupation of Palestine. The university must reinvest these funds into non-extractive community-driven development funds and projects.”

Production

The Chinese people have high aspirations (Source)

14) Take Firm Hold of the Revolution and Stimulate Production: “The aim of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is to revolutionize people’s ideology and as a consequence to achieve greater, faster, better and more economical results in all fields of work. If the masses are fully aroused and proper arrangements are made, it is possible to carry on both the Cultural Revolution and production without one hampering the other, while guaranteeing high quality in all our work.”

Amherst: “Dean Epstein must ask faculty to excuse all students from all 5 College classes, work shifts, and assignments from November 12th, 2015 to November 13th, 2015 given their organization of and attendance at the Sit-In. Do not threaten the jobs of the faculty, staff, or administrators that support our list of demands. Such threats will result in an escalation of our response.”

Brandeis University: “Increase minimum wage for all hourly paid university employees by 15%.”

Duke University: “Living Wages and Rights for Staff and Adjunct Faculty. Commit in writing to an immediate end to the union busting activities meant to intimidate non tenure-track faculty organizing a union, including but not limited to captive audience meetings, the maintenance of the ‘One-to-One’ website, and emails meant to misinform and discourage organizing faculty. Mandate or create a new policy that allows faculty and staff to freely criticize Duke’s institution without fear of losing their jobs.”

Michigan State University: “We demand an increase in academic advisors, as well as mental health and sexaul (sic) assault professionals who specialize in dealing with students of color.”

Notre Dame of Maryland University: “The Academic Affairs department must hire, place and tenure more people of color on in order to promote diversity on our campus. We believe that this action should be taken immediately.”

Occidental College: “Promotion of the CDO to Vice President level. Increase budget of the CDO office by 50%. $60,000 allocated to DEB to fund programming and provide resources for black and other marginalized students. Creation of a fully funded and staffed Black Studies program, a demand that has not been met for over 40 years. Increase percentage of tenured faculty of color by 20% for the 2017-2018 school year, and by 100% over the next 5 years.”

Purdue University: “We demand that under represented faculty and staff receive more resources, funding and support.”

San Francisco State University: “Increase of enrollment and retention of Black students, Increase of Black faculty and faculty with tenure. … Increase support and funding for College of Ethnic Studies and Ethnic Organizations.”

Sarah Lawrence College: “We demand that the College provide greater material resources to the Chief Diversity Officer, and the Office of Diversity and Campus Engagement. This demand includes more staff and financial support.”

Sarah Lawrence College: “We demand that the College provide sustained and ongoing faculty and staff training around racism.”

Simmons College: “We demand an increase in the number of faculty and staff of color at Simmons across all academic disciplines and administrative roles. This increase should meet a 30% minimum representation across all colleges, matching the ratio of students of color in the student body. We also demand institutional support and mentorship for faculty and staff of color.”

UC Berkeley: “WE DEMAND the hiring of two full time admissions staff members that have extensive experience working with Black students, and a series of enhanced recruitment strategies, with a budget of $300,371, to recruit Black students to UC Berkeley. We maintain that this funding comes from the Chancellor’s office and not from the Division of Student Affairs.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND that all administrators be compensated at the same rate as workers. UNC-Chapel Hill Chancellor Carol Folt currently receives a base salary of $570,000. Her pay is symptomatic of the way universities have a bloated administrative system with numerous over-paid workers in executive positions. We DEMAND that all workers at the UNC system & UNC Hospitals have the right to unionize and collectively bargain. We DEMAND that the UNC-System and UNC-Chapel Hill advocate for the right to unionize and collectively bargain for workers on a state and national level. We DEMAND a minimum compensation of $15,000 per course for all adjunct faculty.”

University of North Carolina Chapel Hill: “We DEMAND that student-athletes are recognized as University employees, paid a base salary $25.00/hour with benefits, and, further, compensated in accordance with the level of revenue that they bring to the University.”

University of Virginia: “The University should conduct an internal AND external review as well as an intentional study on the cost and effect of institutionalizing a living minimum wage for its direct employees.”

Military

The whole party must grasp military affairs, the whole people must become soldiers (Source)

15) The Armed Forces: “In the armed forces, the cultural revolution and the socialist education movement should be carried out in accordance with the instructions of the Military Commission of the Central Committee of the Party and the General Political Department of the People’s Liberation Army.”

[Author’s Note: Although there are some student demands made of campus and local law enforcement agencies, I could identify none which would directly affect branches of the U.S. military. We shall see.]

Banner

Hold high the great red banner of Mao Zedong to wage the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution to the end – Revolution is no crime, to rebel is justified (Source)

16) Mao Tse-tung’s Thought Is the Guide for Action in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution: “In the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, it is imperative to hold aloft the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung’s thought and put proletarian politics in command. The movement for the creative study and application of Chairman Mao Tse-tung’s works should be carried forward among the masses of the workers, peasants and soldiers, the cadres and the intellectuals, and Mao Tse-tung’s thought should be taken as the guide to action in the Cultural Revolution.”

[Author’s note: If it is not clear to you already that “Mao’s Thought” is the guide for all these demands, then you might be subject to Point #12. But, if you work energetically, and are not against the protesters, then I do not doubt that their continued peaceful efforts will help you transform your world outlook.]

Machiavelli, the Great Recession, and the Cloaks of State

Machiavelli

Niccolò Machiavelli. Source: USA Today book review.

Author’s note: In preparation for publishing a collection of essays and short fiction, this post has been edited.

The year 2013 was the 500th anniversary of Niccolò Machiavelli’s book The Prince. One might think that the arguments it introduced have long since been settled, but there will never be an end to this ancient debate: What are the rules of political power?

The question had an urgency for me as I worked on the next-to-last draft of my first novel. What does “freedom” mean to a slave girl who has escaped from the theocratic Ottoman Empire of the 1600’s? And what does it mean for a boy whose life so far has been waged on the Protestant side of the Thirty Years War, whose family has been killed by forces of the Holy Roman Empire?

But there was also a more conventional urgency to the question, as citizens the world over surveyed the ongoing fallout of our modern Great Recession, and the response by our national political leaders.

So I looked back at The Prince, the treatise that helped launched the modern absolutist state. Written in 1513 after its author was exiled, imprisoned and tortured by the Medici family, it was first published posthumously in 1532.

Before Machiavelli, says the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: “In a sense, it was thought that rulers did well when they did good; they earned the right to be obeyed and respected inasmuch as they showed themselves to be virtuous and morally upright.”

As St. Augustine asked in City of God, “If it does not do justice, what is the government but a great criminal enterprise?”

After Machiavelli … well, here’s where it gets interesting. Again, the Stanford Encyclopedia:

“For Machiavelli, there is no moral basis on which to judge the difference between legitimate and illegitimate uses of power. Rather, authority and power are essentially coequal: whoever has power has the right to command; but goodness does not ensure power and the good person has no more authority by virtue of being good. Thus, in direct opposition to a moralistic theory of politics, Machiavelli says that the only real concern of the political ruler is the acquisition and maintenance of power. … Only by means of the proper application of power, Machiavelli believes, can individuals be brought to obey and will the ruler be able to maintain the state in safety and security.”

It should be obvious to us all that rulers before Machiavelli were rarely virtuous or moral. It was that very fact which led him to write The Prince. In today’s parlance, we call his philosophy realpolitik, “politics based on practical and material factors rather than on theoretical or ethical objectives.” Again, from the Encyclopedia:

“Without exception the authority of states and their laws will never be acknowledged when they are not supported by a show of power which renders obedience inescapable. The methods for achieving obedience are varied, and depend heavily upon the foresight that the prince exercises. Hence, the successful ruler needs special training.”

Now, regardless of what the modern citizen of Western Civilization thinks of these ideas – and they elicit an almost universal hatred, at least in public discourse – Machiavelli himself was not the personification of evil. He had a wife and kids, he wrote poetry, and, as a book review of Miles Unger’s biography notes, “Rather than planning to write an ageless best-selling book, Machiavelli hoped to impress the new ruler of Florence, so that he might regain a salaried government job.”

If the book had stayed within Italy’s borders, history would be different. But the ideas spread, as ideas are wont to do, and the German princes took hold to disastrous effect. German historian Friedrich Meinecke, whose The Doctrine of Statism in Modern History was published in English in 1957, wrote that Machiavelli’s ideas were nothing new to Italians; he simply confirmed what already existed.

“In Italy the theorists’ doctrine, that raison d’état stood above statute law, had not really said anything new, but had only confirmed an existing situation. For here Roman Law, which was saturated with the spirit of the ancient raison d’état, and which absolved the rulers from being bound by the laws, had continued to remain alive; and the early decline of the feudal system, the early appearance of violently energetic city-tyrants and rulers, had not permitted here the formation of that tough crust of law founded on custom and privilege, which in Germany obstructed the rise of the modern State. Whatever rights and customs there were seemed to someone like Machiavelli so much the reverse of dangerous, that his raison d’état was capable of recommending that they should be respected as much as possible.”

So what if the Germans had a “tough crust of law” that “obstructed the rise of the modern State”? The Thirty Years War (1618-1648) destroyed old customs and laws, and Teutonic princes justified their will-to-power by invoking a different idea of justice: the public welfare. Thus, notes Meinecke, “it was perfectly permissible for the demands and necessities of the ‘public good’ to violate statute law and the laws which the State had made” and Machiavelli’s ideas “became a weapon which the modern State could brandish with full conviction and with a good conscience.”

The results – after much progress toward “enlightened despots” – were the American and French revolutions. In 1774 the First Continental Congress was established in the British colony of America, and Americans embraced an idea called “the consent of the governed.” In 1789, French revolutionaries introduced the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, proclaiming “liberty, equality, the inviolability of property, and the right to resist oppression.”

As the Declaration of Independence says: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed…”

Once again, war destroyed old customs and laws.

1) Machiavelli insisted that citizens of the State have no moral basis on which to judge the difference between legitimate and illegitimate uses of power; that the State can violate its own laws as long as its goal is “the public good.”

2) Americans insisted that the State is granted power by citizens, which it shall use to secure certain natural rights that belong to all human beings; and the State’s powers can be revoked by citizens who no longer consent to be governed.

Fast forward to the 21st century.

After more than 200 years of “progress” by “enlightened” socialists – including an epic world war with Soviet Socialists on one side and National Socialists on the other – Socialist Europe finds itself on the brink of another revolution.

America, thanks to “enlightened Progressives” like Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Barack Hussein Obama, has become Socialist enough to entertain the idea of a Socialist president.

But in what direction has this “progress” taken us? In the era of “open borders” and “undocumented immigrants” can ordinary citizens still consent to be governed? Or is citizenship a moral and political anachronism, while the State can violate its own laws as long as its goal is the “public good”?

In America, the State has upheld a Constitutional right to privacy, but the “public good” demands CCTV cameras on every corner, full body scanners at airports, police drones over your neighborhoods, and “stingray” devices that police use to intercept your cell phone calls.

The State has upheld the Constitutional right to personal protection, but the State can also arbitrarily criminalize the most popular form of self-protection (the semi-automatic rifle or handgun) for the “public good.”

What about the pursuit of happiness? If your “happiness” is a freezing cold 32-ounce soda on a hot and humid New York summer day, the State can ban the sale of sugary drinks in the name of the “public good.”

Let us end with a look back at 1666, when Gustav Freytag reprinted Images from the German Past, a cutting satire on “the woes of the German people in the seventeenth century and its lifelessness and rigidity after the Thirty Years War.”

In the book (as described by Meinecke), a young and promising lawyer is taken into secret chambers to view the devices of State.

Pretend that you are this young counselor, and look closely at the cloaks of State. Beautiful on the outside but shabby on the inside, they are embroidered with phrases like “the welfare of the people shall be the supreme law.” Politicians wear these when meeting with constituents. Another – labeled “good intentions” – is worn while voting for new insupportable taxes, infuriating citizens with endless regulations, starting unnecessary wars, or declaring eminent domain for the “public good.”

Try on the eyeglasses of State. Gnats can be made into elephants, or little kindnesses on the part of the Prime Minister can be made into supreme acts of mercy.

Observe, but do not taste, the iron instrument with which the President can enlarge the gullets of his advisers so they can swallow great pumpkins.

Finally, a ball of knotted wire, furnished with sharp needles and heated by a fire within so that it draws tears from the eyes of the beholder, represents the Principles of Machiavelli. The politician keeps this in hand too; but she does not use it while her constituents are docile, because she does not wish to publicly ruin her good name unnecessarily.

Then naturally too, the politicians are using their own private ratio status for enriching themselves quite shamelessly.

Having looked behind the curtain of 1666, can you deny that what you see are the same tools of power used by our new absolutists? Some of the details are different, but their will-to-power remains the same. The pendulum is swinging back toward Machiavelli, and our modern princes are brandishing his weapons “with full conviction and with a good conscience.”